Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

Q: How can I show a university that I have registered for/passed an entrance exam?
A: Immediately after your registration and payment you will receive a confirmation e-mail from the UMCU also containing your invoice (proof of payment): that is proof that you are registered.
48 hours before the entrance exam (no earlier), you will receive an email with information about the time and place of the entrance exam.
The CCVX sends you the formal result in writing via postal mail.

Q: I have filled in and send the registration form, but have not received a confirmation email and invoice. What should I do now?
A: Sometimes it takes a while for this email to be delivered. It is also possible that you have entered an incorrect e-mail address, that your mail box is full or that the confirmation e-mail has ended up in your spam box. If you have not received confirmation after an hour, check your spam box and whether your mail box is not full. And if necessary, send an email to the UMCU the following day (

Q: I acquired a testimony. How should I state this in Studielink because the CCVX is not listed on there.
A: It is not possible to submit a testimonial obtained through the CCVX in Studielink as a prior education. First submit your application for registration for the study program that you want to follow. You can then ask the educational institution about the way in which you must submit your testimony to them (this is done outside of Studielink). Do you have any more questions about Studielink? ... ask Studielink. ;-)

Q: I acquired a testimony. On my testimony, the mark is listed as a whole number. But my future education wants to know the mark to one decimal place.
A: The CCVX only provides testimoni with whole numbers. If your study program wants a decimal, add a "0" as a decimal. Example: 6 becomes 6.0

Q: What is the deadline for passing the entrance exam?
A: In most cases, you have to pass the entrance exam before you can start at a university. In addition, there are several other deadlines.

Q: When registering, I have to choose a study programme, but I am still unsure between two study programmes/universities. Does it matter which of the two programs or universities I enter there?
A: It makes absolutely no difference to the validity of your testimonial. Every university and every study program recognizes the testimonials. For example, if you indicate that you want to study medicine in Utrecht and later decide to study architecture in Delft, that is no problem at all.

Q: My testimony states another university than the one I entered when registering. Is that a problem?
A: No. As long as your testimony is signed by an examiner, it is a valid testimony. Sometimes, a university does not have a CCVX examiner (yet), or the examiner may be on holiday. In that case, another examiner will (temporarily) stand in.

Q: I received my testimony weeks after its date of issue. How is that possible?
A: To speed up the correction procedure, each examiner's correction work is delivered to them with a blank result letter and a blank testimony per candidate. We always print these with the date of one week after the date of the exam so that the examiners only have to add the mark and their signature after correcting the exam. However, it usually takes much longer than a week before the correction work is actually finished.

Q: I passed the exam, but I did not receive or received too few certified copies of the testimony
A: Make some copies (on paper, no scan) of your testimony and send these to the secretary of the CCVX (Graaf Adolfstraat 38, 3583 VV Utrecht, attn R.P. Form). Include a note to explain that you would like to have them certified and provide your name, address, email address and phone number. We will then check our files, certify the copies and return them to you. (Keep the original testimony safely at home).

Q: Change of address/sending the results
A: You always receive your result in writing via postal mail. The CCVX uses the address you provided when you registered for the entrance exam. When your ID is checked during the exam, please check if this address is still correct and also check your name, initials, place and date of birth. Report any changes to the supervisor.

Q: Can I also receive my result by email?
A: No, we never do that. We want to prevent that anyone receives an incorrect result at all cost. With the pressure of work we have, it is impossible to send the results by email with sufficient care. Moreover, again because of the pressure, we do not have the time to do this.

Q: I am going to take an entrance exam. How can I find the practice materials I need?
A: The cito exams provide good practice material for all subjects. You can find many old cito exams, including the answers, online. For example on,,, or on These however are all in Dutch.
The main page contains links to sample exams. These are meant to give you a general impression of the way the questions are formulated. For chemistry and physics, the questions are usually more straightforward than in cito exams, with less text.

Q: I am going to take an entrance exam. Could I receive some previous entrance exams to practice?
A: No. The best way to practice is by using the practice material available for the vwo exams. Our website contains some sample exams. These mainly serve to provide examples; they are not meant as practice material. You could use them as practice material (but be careful: they might contain errors).

Q: Does the entrance exam consist of open or multiple-choice questions?
A: The physics, chemistry and mathematics entrance exams consist of open questions.
The biology entrance exam consists of a combination of open and multiple-choice questions.

Q: What is the success rate?
A: The success rate varies, but is in general much lower than for the vwo finals. In secondary school, all students attend classes for several years before taking the final exams. Besides, the results are averaged with those of the school exam. The way candidates prepare for an entrance exam is different and often much less extensive. Additionally, many candidates who used to find the subject easy took the exam in secondary school, and many candidates for the entrance exams are not native speakers of Dutch. The more intensive your preparation, and the more help you have when practicing, the higher the chance you pass the entrance exam.

Q: Is there a limit to the number of participants that can participate in an exam ?
A: No, everyone who registers before the closing date can participate.

Q: Are there any admission requirements for the entrance exams?
A: There are no age or education requirements. The only requirement is that you pay the registration fee.

Q: How many times can I take an entrance exam?
A: You can take an entrance exam every time it is organised, provided that you pay the registration fee each time. In general, an entrance exam is organised three times a year per subject.

Q: I took a entrance-exam. Can you send me a copy of my work?
A: No, we never send copies of work neither by post nor digitally. You can see your work, but for that you have to go to the person who marked it in person.

Q: I took a entrance-exam. Can you send me the answers?
A: No, we never send answers neither by post nor digitally. You can see your work, but for that you have to go to the person who marked it in person.

Q: If I passed an entrance exam, can I take another entrance exam for the same subject?
A: Yes, the highest mark counts in that case.

Q: When will next year's entrance exam dates be announced?
A: The CCVX announces the dates for the following year around April of each year. Each entrance exam is organised three times a year. There is an "autumn round" (late November or mid-December) of which the results are available before 15 January. There is "spring round" (late April) of which the results are available before 15 May. And finally, there is a "summer round" (late July) of which the results are available before 15 August.
Because of the room reservation and scheduling system of Utrecht University, the exact dates of the autumn exams cannot be confirmed before the end of August, and the exact dates of the spring and summer exams cannot be confirmed before the middle of December. As soon as the exact data are known, they will be published almost immediately on the site => If they are not on the site, they are not yet known.

Q: Are there other data in addition to the data on the website on which an entrance exam can be taken?
A: Of course not, otherwise the data would be on the website. We cannot change that data "momentarily" at someone's request. And it is also not possible that the CCVX inserts an extra exam option at the request of a candidate.

Q: I accidentally registered twice for the same exam/pressed the send button twice after filling in the registration form. Do I have to pay twice now?
A: No. But, please send an email to the UMCU ( Do not send an e-mail to the CCVX.

Q: Who recognise the CCVX's testimonies?
A: If you pass the entrance exam, you will receive a testimony. The testimonies for the subjects of biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics A and mathematics B are issued on behalf of the universities associated with these committees. These testimonies are formally recognised by all associated universities, but often by other universities as well. In practice, these testimonies are usually recognised by all Dutch and Belgian universities. They are often recognised in Germany and England as well. Hbo institutes (higher vocational education) also recognise the testimonies. In case of doubt, contact the institute you would like to apply for.

Note: The testimonies formally have a different status than a vwo part certification. Do not confuse them. A testimony of an entrance exam does not equal a vwo part certification for that subject.

Q: What is the difference between a Dutch part certification and a CCVX testimony?
staatsexamen A: You can obtain a part certification by passing a Dutch state exam for a particular subject. With enough part certifications, you can eventually obtain a complete Dutch vwo diploma. When you obtain a part certification for a subject, you automatically meet all admission requirements for that subject. The registration term for the Dutch state exams closes every year on the 31st of December. State exams are only organised in summer and consist of a written and an oral part. An CCVX entrance exam is only meant to meet certain admission requirements. The entrance exams are organised by the Dutch universities associated with the CCVX and are therefore recognised by all university institutes. The entrance exams are written exams only and are organised three times a year. You can register on the website of the CCVX.

Q: What is the period of validity of a CCVX testimony?
A: That is a very difficult question to answer. Since the formation of the CCVX, some 30 years ago, it has never happened that an "old" testimony was rejected. Furthermore, the level and volume of the subject matter has continually declined over the last few years. In May 2010, a new final exam was introduced which made the subjects physics and chemistry a little more difficult for the first time (compared to Physics 1 and Chemistry 1 respectively). New reforms of the vwo final examination programmes were carried through in 2016. It is safe to say the current testimonies will be valid until 2027, but how long they will remain valid after that is unknown.

Q: Is it possible to take the entrance exam in another language?
It is possible to take the entrance exam in Dutch and English. Registration for an entrance exam in English is the same as in Dutch. You will receive the assignments in English and you can give your answers in English.

Q: Is it possible to take the entrance exam in another country?
A: No. You can only take the entrance exam in Utrecht (in the Netherlands). This is also not possible during an outbreak of the coronavirus.

Q: It is possible to take an online entrance exam?
A: Never. This was also not possible during an outbreak of the corona virus. Even if you live far away, for example in China or Australia, you will have to travel to the Netherlands.

Q: It is possible to take an oral entrance exam?
A: No.

Q: I have to pass the entrance exam, but due to unforeseen circumstances beyond my control, I am unable to take the exam on the day it is organised. Could you make an exception for me?
A: No. Entrance exams are made by a committee and this is a lot of work. Therefore, there are no more than three entrance exams a year per subject. For reasons of secrecy, the CCVX cannot use the same entrance exam several days earlier or later for candidates who are unable to come on the official examination date.

Q: I already studied biology/physics/chemistry/mathematics as a part of my prior education. Am I entitled to an exemption?
A: That depends on the volume and the level of the subject matter you studied earlier. In principle, the subject matter must cover that of the corresponding subject at vwo level. You can make your own assessment by comparing the subject matter list for the subject in question (which can be found on the website) to your own knowledge. You could also use the series "samengevat", which is more extensive and more legible.
If you think you have enough knowledge, you should make an appointment with one of the examiners of the CCVX. In other words, with the examiner responsible for the subject in question of the university you want to apply for. An individual assessment is usually handled by the institute where you register for the programme.
During the assessment, you will have to show that your knowledge equals the volume and level of the corresponding vwo subject. You have to explain that in detail and provide documentation (just the titles of the books you used, names of the modules you followed and the number of hours you put into them are not enough). For example, you could show the books you used, your notes and the exams and list of marks of your previous education.
Always apply for exemptions well in advance so that you still have enough opportunities to participate in the entrance exams if you do not receive an exemption. Also realize that due to vacations, requests submitted after 1 July can sometimes not be assessed before September. Therefore, submit requests as soon as possible after you have registered for a study program.

Q: How many credits (ECTS) does the CCVX entrance exam correspond to?
A: This question is frequently asked by candidates who participate in a decentralised selection or want to study abroad. Credits are a measure used to express the study load of (parts of) a university subject. An estimation is made of the number of hours the average student will need to achieve the learning objectives. Since the introduction of the bachelor-master system, the study load is expressed in ECTS credits. One credit represents 28 studying hours. A credit is called EC (European Credit). We often use ECTS as the plural form. The subject matter of the CCVX entrance exams is similar to that of the secondary school (vwo) finals, so it seems fair to use the secondary school (vwo) study load for the different subjects as a measure. We distinguish between the old second phase programme (final examinations until May 2009), and the new second phase programme (final examinations of May 2010 and later).

Voor de oude tweede fase geldt:
voortentamen leerstof vwo    
studie-inspanning vwo
studie-inspanning in ECTS
CCVB biologie12
480 uur
17,1   ECTS
CCVN natuurkunde1
360 uur
12,9   ECTS
CCVS scheikunde1
400 uur
14,3   ECTS
CCVW wiskunde B1
600 uur
21,4   ECTS

Voor de vernieuwde tweede fase geldt:
voortentamen leerstof vwo
studie-inspanning vwo
studie-inspanning in ECTS
CCVB biologie
480 uur
17,1   ECTS
CCVN natuurkunde
480 uur
17,1   ECTS
CCVS scheikunde
440 uur
15,7   ECTS
CCVW-A wiskunde A
520 uur
18,6   ECTS
CCVW-B wiskunde B
600 uur
21,4   ECTS

Q: Can I contact the CCVX for questions?
A: Please consult this website first. If you still have a question, you can send an email to the secretariat of the CCVX: Please add your phone number so we can call you if necessary. This is often a faster way to communicate.